Spring and early summer time

Confederate armies commonly stood on the strategic defensive, defensive as a lot of their territory as possible. While situations regarded favorable, the Confederacy released offensives—the most essential of which culminated inside the Battles of Antietam and Perryville in 1862 and Gettysburg in 1863.

Navy fortunes ebbed and flowed for more than three years earlier than america forces received a decisive benefit. The dependable states wavered more than once of their determination, most appreciably after Robert E. Lee pissed off Union offensives in the spring of 1863 and the spring and early summer time of 1864. A string of Union successes gained by using Ulysses S. Furnish inside the West at Forts Henry and Donelson, Shiloh, Vicksburg, and Chattanooga in 1862–1863, and by using William Tecumseh Sherman at Atlanta in 1864, extra than counterbalanced Lee’s successes. Via the fall of 1864, with furnish as the Union trendy in chief, america armies implemented strain in Virginia, Tennessee, and the Carolinas that subsequently compelled a accomplice give up within the spring of 1865.

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