The Fracture From there, the ultimate steps to fort Sumter regarded to observe inexorably. The ultimate courtroom, in its notorious Dred Scott selection, tried to reply the query in choose of slave-holders. The backlash turned into livid. In Kansas, settlers exceeded competing constitutions, one slave and one free, and the war over which one Congress should receive splintered the Democratic birthday party. While Stephen A. Douglas did not reunite the Democrats in 1860, he opened the door to a Lincoln victory.
Meanwhile, Brown organized a quixotic plot to invade the South and stir up an army of slaves. Speedy captured on the armory in Harpers Ferry, Va., attempted for treason and hanged, he became hailed with the aid of abolitionists as a martyr. After that, the idea that Northern Republicans supported slave riot became the defining topic, for Southerners, of the 1860 election. A vote for Lincoln turned into in many minds a vote for the type of blood-soaked rise up that had freed the slaves of Haiti and left hundreds of white slave proprietors dead.