The japanese Theater of the Civil war roughly comprised the location east of the Appalachians inside the vicinity of the rival capitals of Washington and Richmond. It included the states of Virginia, West Virginia, Maryland, and Pennsylvania, as well as the District of Columbia and the coastal fortifications and seaports of North Carolina.
whilst the war started in the spring of 1861 and the Confederates declared their capitol at Richmond, Virginia, the immediate cry from Union headquarters become “directly to Richmond!” For the nextfour years a succession of Northern commanders struggled desperately to do just that.
Bounded by using the Apalachian Mountains to the west and the Atlantic Ocean to the east, the sizable majority of battles passed off in a rather small a hundred miles strip of Virginia countrysidebetween the towns of Washington and Richmond.
It turned into those campaigns that would additionally turn out to be the most well-known in therecords of the struggle, due to their proximity to huge populations facilities and the heavy media interest that they acquired. each the bloodiest warfare of the conflict — Gettysburg, and the bloodiest single day of the struggle — Antietam, had been both fought inside the jap Theater.
The principle commanders of the japanese Theater covered: For the Union – Lieutenant standard Ulysses S. furnish, principal popular George B. McClellan, principal fashionable John Pope, importantwidespread Ambrose Burnside, main popular Joseph Hooker, and foremost widespread George G. Meade. The South was led by standard Robert E. Lee, standard Pierre Gustave Toutant de Beauregard, wellknown Joseph E. Johnston, Lieutenant wellknown James Longstreet, Lieutenant popular Thomas Jonathan “Stonewall” Jackson, and Lieutenant wellknown Jubal A. Early.